- Italian: direttivo (1,2)
- Filmmaker redirects here. Filmmaker can also mean Film producer.
A director (filmmaker) is a person who directs the making of a film. A film director visualizes the script, controlling a film's artistic and dramatic aspects, while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfillment of their vision.
However, film directors do not in all countries have absolute artistic control. The director can also be selected by the producer. The producer can in this case have veto power over everything from the script itself to the final cut of the film, often in anywhere from slight to extreme opposition to the director's vision.
When directing episodes for a television show, a director's responsibilities are somewhat diminished, as the visual look and feel of the series is already established, usually by the person billed as the show's creator or executive producer. Those directors who choose or are chosen to work in TV traditionally have had to accept that they will not be as lauded, or as well-paid, as their big-screen counterparts.
ResponsibilitiesA film director is responsible for overseeing every creative aspect of a film. They develop a vision for a film, decide how it should look, what tone it should have, and what an audience should gain from the cinematic experience. He/she is in short the storyteller. Film directors are responsible for approving every camera angle, lens effect, lighting, and set design occasionally even taking part in the hiring of key crew members. They coordinate the actors moves, determine camera angles, and may be involved in the writing, financing, and editing of a film. The director works closely with the cast and crew to shape the film and may often take suggestions on pertinent issues. Some like to conduct rigorous rehearsals in preproduction while others do so before each scene. In either case this process is essential as it tells the director as well as other key members of the crew (Director of Photography, Stunt Choreographer, Hair Stylist etc) how the actors are going to play the scene, which enables them to make any necessary adjustments. The Director also plays a key role in post-production. The Director oversees the editing of the scenes with the editor to ensure that the emotions of the scene and the close ups, mid shots and wide shots appropriately reflect who (the character) is driving the scene. The Director also inputs into the (color) grading of the final images adding warmth or frigidity to the composition of the scenes to reflect the emotional subtext of the character or environment. The Director also participates in the sound mix and musical composition of the film.
Methods of film directingDirectors have different methods of creating a movie. Some styles include:
- Outline a general plotline and let the actors improvise dialogue. Directors who employ this style are Christopher Guest, Spike Lee, and occasionally Robert Altman and Federico Fellini.
- Control every aspect, and demand that the actors and crew follow instructions precisely. Such as Steven Spielberg, James Cameron, Stanley Kubrick and Alfred Hitchcock
- Write their own scripts (such as Woody Allen, Ingmar Bergman, Stanley Kubrick, Charles Chaplin, Billy Wilder, David Lynch, the Coen Brothers, Pedro Almodóvar, Kevin Smith, Quentin Tarantino, Todd Field, Paul Thomas Anderson, Satyajit Ray, Oliver Stone, John Singleton, Spike Lee, Hayao Miyazaki, M. Night Shyamalan or Robert Rodriguez).
- Collaborate on screenplays with long-standing writing partners (such as Wes Anderson and Owen Wilson/Noah Baumbach, Edgar Wright and Simon Pegg, Martin Scorsese and Nicholas Pileggi/Paul Schrader/Jay Cocks, Yasujiro Ozu and Kôgo Noda, or Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale, Krzysztof Kieslowski/Krzysztof Piesiewicz, Frank Capra/Robert Riskin, Michelangelo Antonioni/Tonino Guerra).
- Be the cinematographer and/or editor (such as Stanley Kubrick, Steven Soderbergh, Don Coscarelli, Robert Rodriguez, and the Coen Brothers.
- Appear in their films (such as Alfred Hitchcock, Orson Welles, Subhash Ghai, Mel Brooks, Mel Gibson, Martin Scorsese, Spike Lee, Eli Roth, Kevin Costner, Clint Eastwood, Woody Allen, Quentin Tarantino, Kevin Smith, Sylvester Stallone, M. Night Shyamalan, Harold Ramis, John Woo or even Edward D. Wood, Jr.).
- Compose a music score for their films (such as Clint Eastwood, John Carpenter and Robert Rodriguez).
Directors work closely with film producers, who are responsible for both artistic and non-artistic elements of the film, such as, script approval, financing, casting notes, contract negotiation and marketing. Some directors will take on some of the responsibilities of the producer for their films. Directors like Orson Welles are famously known for writing, directing and producing their films while the early silent film director Alice Guy Blaché not only produced her own pictures, but actually created her own highly successful studio.
Professional organizationsIn the United States, directors usually belong to the Directors Guild of America. The Canadian equivalent is the Directors Guild of Canada. In the UK, directors usually belong to Directors Guild of Great Britain. A new director might earn as little as $20,000 a year, while the most successful can earn over $500,000 per movie, even millions per film in some cases.
- Federation of European Film Directors
- Filmmakers - Free Filmmakers Forum
- Directors Guild of America
- Directors Guild of Canada
- Directors Guild of Great Britain
- A comprehensive collection of interviews with a century's worth of European film directors
- Films101 The best directors picked by critics and filmmakers
directorial in Bulgarian: Режисьор
directorial in Catalan: Director de cinema
directorial in Danish: Filminstruktør
directorial in German: Regisseur
directorial in Modern Greek (1453-): Σκηνοθέτης
directorial in Spanish: Director de cine
directorial in Esperanto: Reĝisoro
directorial in Basque: Zinema zuzendaria
directorial in Persian: کارگردان
directorial in French: Réalisateur
directorial in Hindi: फ़िल्म निर्देशक
directorial in Croatian: Redatelj
directorial in Indonesian: Sutradara
directorial in Italian: Regista
directorial in Hebrew: במאי קולנוע
directorial in Latin: Moderator cinematographicus
directorial in Lithuanian: Režisierius
directorial in Lojban: kinzbapre
directorial in Hungarian: Filmrendező
directorial in Dutch: Filmregisseur
directorial in Japanese: 映画監督
directorial in Polish: Reżyser
directorial in Portuguese: Diretor de cinema
directorial in Romanian: Regizor de film
directorial in Russian: Кинорежиссёр
directorial in Slovenian: Filmski režiser
directorial in Finnish: Elokuvaohjaaja
directorial in Swedish: Filmregissör
directorial in Turkish: Yönetmen
directorial in Chinese: 電影導演